Tirumala Venkateswara Temple - History
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Tirumala Venkateswara Temple ((Telugu: తిరుమల వెంకటేశ్వర దేవాలయము) Tamil: திருமலை திருப்பதி கோவில் )), is a Hindu hill temple in the slope city of Tirumala, near Tirupati city in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh State, previously Tamil Nadu Southern India. It is around 160 km (96 miles) from Chennai, 510 km (315 miles) from Hyderabad, and 255 km (171 mi) from Bangalore.
The Tirumala Hill is 853metres above the main sea level and is about 10.33 square miles(27 km2) in location. It comprises seven peaks, which represents the seven heads of Adisesha, thus getting the name Seshachalam. The seven mountains are known as Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri, Vrushabadri, Narayanadri, and Venkatadri. The temple is on Venkatagiri(also known as Venkatachala or Venkata Hill) the 7th mountain, and is also known as the "Temple of Seven Hills or seven Mountains" (Saptagiri in Sanskrit). The presiding deity of the temple is Lord Venkateswara, a form of the Hindu god Vishnu. Venkateswara is also known by other names: Venkatachalapathy, Govinda, Balaji and Srinivasa. The Temple lies is on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini, a holy water tank. a sacred water storage tank. The Temple complex consists of a conventional temple building with a variety of contemporary line and pilgrim accommodations sites.
The Tirumala Tirupati temple is the wealthiest pilgrimage center, after the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, of any trust (at more than INR 50,000 crore) and the most-visited place of worship in the world. The Temple is frequently visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims day-to-day (30 to 40 thousand individuals every year on average), while on unique events and festivals, like the yearly Brahmotsavam, the variety of pilgrims limbs up to 500,000, generating it the most-visited sacred location on the whole world.
There are several tales associated with the manifestation of the Lord Balaji in Tirumala. According to one legend, the Temple has a moorti (deity) of Lord Venkateswara, which it is thought shall continue to be here for the entire duration of the existing Kali Yuga. Tirumala has remained most visited popular pilgrimage place in Tamilnadu throughout most of its historical past and was a principle temple in the nation of Tondai Nadu before the area was moved to Andhra Pradesh in the 20th century CE. Almost all the epigraphs of the temple are in Tamil and spread with Grantha characters and 50 identities are in Kannada and Telugu.